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What are theories of deviance and crime?
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The Behavioral theory of crime

The Behavioral Theory of crime describes how an individuals direct environment can effect whether or not they commit a crime. This theory is also related to differential association.

The Argument

The behavioral theory places importance on an individual's direct environment, and how this individual interacts with it. This theory posits that criminal behavior is learned and created by either a close family member or friend rewarding them in some way for this behavior, or if the individual is seeing a behavior being glorified in either a movie or television series that they admire[1]. According to the Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, the Behavioral Theory of crime has much evidence behind it, “Because these principles can be applied to behaviors of all kinds, the learning perspective provides valuable tools for understanding crime and delinquency.”[2]

Counter arguments

Many argue that this theory is not necessary valid because there are so many people who have become criminals even without any criminal influence in their lives[3]. This would indicate that criminality is not a learned behavior in all cases.



Rejecting the premises


This page was last edited on Monday, 9 Nov 2020 at 08:18 UTC

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