argument top image

Should surrogacy be legal?
Back to question

Surrogacy has long-term negative impacts

Surrogacy has long-term negative impacts upon both surrogate and child.

The Argument

The people involved in surrogacy cannot always just move past it. The child may struggle to deal with their unusual origins, and surrogates might not appreciate how attached they are to the baby until it is born and will be affected long term.

Counter arguments

The majority of adolescents who were born from surrogacy have been described as feeling indifferent about the circumstances of their conception. Studies have also shown that surrogacy has no psychological effects on surrogate mothers from six months onwards.



[P1] Both surrogate and child are affected long-term by the process.

Rejecting the premises

[P1] There is no evidence of long-term effects on either surrogate or child.

Further Reading

Zadeh, S., Ilioi, E., Jadva, V. & Golombok, S. (2018)The perspectives of adolescents conceived using surrogacy, egg or sperm donation, Human Reproduction, 33(6), 1099–1106 Jadva, V., Imrie, S. & Golombok, S. (2015) Surrogate mothers 10 years on: A longitudinal study of psychological well-being and relationships with the parents and child. Human Reproduction, 30(2):373-9. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu339 Teman, E. (2010) Birthing a Mother: The surrogate body and the pregnant self. Los Angeles: University of California Press. van den Akker, O. (2017) Surrogate Motherhood Families. London:Palgrave MacMillan.


This page was last edited on Friday, 17 Apr 2020 at 11:03 UTC

Explore related arguments