What are the solutions to the Syrian crisis?

The Syrian crisis is part of a wider conflict the origins of which can be traced back to the Arab Spring of 2011. The dissatisfaction of some of the countries in the Arab world with their corresponding governments had led to many anti-government protests demanding a better standard of living in countries such as Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Some of these countries were successful in creating significant regime change. However, and 9 years later with over 6.5 million nationals displaced and over half a million deaths; what solutions are there to a crisis happening in a country which has become a political playground for many belligerents?

All military action in Syria must end

Military action will only make the situation worse and even more complicated. Therefore, there should be a cease-fire on all military force pushed for by the Trump administration.

The United Nations should enforce the ending of violence in Syria

There should be an end to all military involvement in Syria. The US should support this notion by working alongside the UN to implement international law by taking diplomatic measures.

All economic sanctions must be lifted

With the World Health Organisation (WHO) declaring COVID-19 as a global pandemic, it is crucial that the US lifts all sanctions on Syria.

Regional actors must delegitimise the Islamic State’s existence

IS has caused an extortionate number of deaths in the region as well as further displacement of Syrian nationals, which has hindered the peace process in Syria.

All efforts to create a caliphate should be nulled

The efforts by IS to create an Islamic caliphate in the Levant was a major hindrance in the process of achieving settlement in Syria.

Regional actors must stop perpetuating sectarianism

The Middle East has a long-standing history of sectarianism, and this division is a primary cause of the crisis in Syria.

The oil trade with Islamic State ought to come to an end

Countries must stop all oil trade with Islamic State forces.

The internationalisation of the conflict must end

One of the main issues that has allowed for the Syrian crisis to intensify is the involvement of several countries. They must all take a step back and withdraw from Syria.

Iran should reconsider its unwavering support for Assad

The Syrian Assad government is a big part of the Iranian backed 'Axis of Resistance' which is why their unwavering support for Assad comes as no surprise, however, Iran must begin to take into account the severity of the existing humanitarian crisis in Syria.

Moscow needs to stop backing the survival of the regime

For the past few years, Russia has been a strong supporter of the Assad regime. Despite criticism, Russia continues to provide the Syrian military with weaponry as it backs Assad at the UN security council.

Russia and Turkey should withdraw from northern Syria

For the past couple of years, Russia and Turkey have been using Idlib, Northern Syria- as their battleground. It is important that this ends immediately.

Syria must rejoin the Arab League

After it's suspension from the Arab League due to the worsening of violence in Syria under Assad rule in 2011, it is important that the Arab League restores its monitoring mission to aid the creation of a new democracy.

Free and fair elections must take place

It is important that a new codified constitution is established in the country. This will allow the country to reach a Democratic resolution.

The Syrian people must decide the fate of their country

The importance of Bashar’s resignation has lost itself in the midst of all the chaos taking place, which is why democratic systems need to be in place to have peace.

The electoral race must be observed by the UN

The elections must be free from electoral fraud and rigging ultimately allowing the Syrian’s to vote for their future government, which is why it is important that the UN observes the running of these elections to prevent any further corruption.

A strong opposition party must compete in the race

Assad should legitimise the existence of a strong opposition party to support the legal and regulatory political framework.
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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 7 Apr 2020 at 08:47 UTC